Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): Journal of Millimeterwave Communication, Optimization and Modelling

A Review and Analysis Micro-Strip Patch Antenna for 3.5 GHz: Review and Analysis Micro-Strip Patch Antenna for 3.5 GHz

Ali Abozied
Phd student
cover of the peer review journal about millimeterwave, wireless communication, optimization, modelling

Published 30.06.2022


In recent years, there has been a lot of interest in microstrip patch antennas owing to their small volumes, low profiles, effective integration, low prices, and outstanding performance. With the continual growth of wireless communication services and therefore the constant shrinking of communication equipment, this antenna is planned to be used for WiMAX and wireless communications. However, these antennas have disadvantages like low gain, low power operation, and slim bandwidth, among others. The first drawbacks of those antennas are their restricted band performance as well as their high cost. Technological advancements within telecommunications are accelerating, particularly with the arrival of fifth-generation technology, which offers the advantages of quick knowledge transmission speeds and really low latency. In 2015, the World Radio Conference (WRC) urged frequencies for 5G communication technologies, one of which is 3.5 GHz. A variety of analysis articles were collected and studied, and for the frequency of 3.5 GHz, many forms and substrate materials with dynamical relative permittivity were devised for microstrip patch antennas. The simulated results show that these antennas will simply offer dual-and tri-band operation, as well as nearly as good dipole-like and spatial relation radiation properties, stable gain, and high radiation efficiency, indicating that the planned antennas are candidates for WiMAX and wireless communications. The urged antennas have come back with losses starting from -32 decibels to -30.8 dB. The results are obtained through the use of the PC simulation applications standards CST and ADS.


  1. A. A. Abdulbari et al., "Design compact microstrap patch antenna with T-shaped 5G application," Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 2072-2078, 2021.
  2. N. K. Ashish Kumar, Nitesh, "Design of Microstrip Patch Antenna for High Gain & Directivity at 3.5 GHz by Simulation studies using ADS," IJETT Journal, vol. 55 Number-1, p. 3, 2018.
  3. A. Bah and G. Gucuyetkin, "Design of microstrip patch antenna for wimax applications," Int J Electric Electron Data Commun, vol. 6, no. 6, 2020.
  4. N. Engin and Z. Erman, "Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi," Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknol Derg, vol. 4, pp. 293-304, 2016.
  5. N. Ferdous, G. C. Hock, S. H. A. Hamid, M. N. A. Raman, T. S. Kiong, and M. Ismail, "Design of a small patch antenna at 3.5 GHz for 5G application," in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2019, vol. 268, no. 1: IOP Publishing, p. 012152.
  6. G. Immadi, M. V. Narayana, A. Navya, and P. Anusha, "Dual Feed Φ-Shaped Patch Antenna For 5G Applications," NVEO-NATURAL VOLATILES & ESSENTIAL OILS Journal| NVEO, pp. 1540-1549, 2021.
  7. A. Irfansyah, B. Harianto, and N. Pambudiyatno, "Design of Rectangular Microstrip Antenna 1x2 Array for 5G Communication," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2021, vol. 2117, no. 1: IOP Publishing, p. 012028.
  8. A. Kazdağ, M. H. Uçar, and G. Çakır, "5G Mobil Haberleşme Uygulamaları için CSRR-DGS Tabanlı Minyatür Dairesel Yama Anten Tasarımı."
  10. A. Kumari, A. Pal, and D. Kumar, "3.5 GHz microstrip transmission line design for microwave ICs," Int. J. Sci. Res. Rev, vol. 7, no. 04, pp. 651-654, 2019.
  11. M. K. M. Masal and M. S. Kale, "Design of Slotted Two-C Shaped Microstrip Patch Radiating at 3.5 GHz for WiMax Applications," Change, vol. 3, no. 2.21, p. 3.49, 2018.
  12. S. Murugan, "Compact MIMO Shorted Microstrip Antenna for 5G Applications," MECS International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies, vol. 11, no. 1, 2021.
  13. D. K. Naji, "Design of compact dual-band and tri-band microstrip patch antennas," International Journal of Electromagnetics and Applications, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 26-34, 2018.
  14. D. Paragya and H. Siswono, "3.5 GHz rectangular patch microstrip antenna with defected ground structure for 5G," ELKOMIKA: Jurnal Teknik Energi Elektrik, Teknik Telekomunikasi, & Teknik Elektronika, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 31, 2020.
  15. M. A. Rahman, S. Sobhan, and M. Hossain, "Design and Performance Analysis of An Ultra-Wideband Microstrip Patch Antenna for Mobile WiMAX applications at 3.5 GHz Band including Human Interaction."
  16. Y. N. Rahmawati and H. Ludiyati, "The Characteristic of a 3.5 GHz Circular Patch Antenna Using Open-Ring Artificial Dielectric," in 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021), 2021: Atlantis Press, pp. 387-393.
  17. N. Ramli, S. K. Noor, T. Khalifa, and N. Abd Rahman, "Design and performance analysis of different dielectric substrate based microstrip patch antenna for 5G applications," Design and Performance, vol. 11, no. 8, 2020.
  18. S. Sekkal, L. Canale, and A. Asselman, "Flexible textile antenna design with transparent conductive fabric integrated in OLED for WiMAX wireless communication systems," in 2020 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2020 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC/I&CPS Europe), 2020: IEEE, pp. 1-4.
  19. W. Wildan, D. A. Cahyasiwi, S. Alam, M. A. Zakariya, and H. Ramza, "Circle Microstrip Antenna Simulation for Frequency 3.5 GHz," Akta Teknik Elektro, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-4, 2021.