Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Millimeterwave Communication, Optimization and Modelling

Evaluation of IoT: Challenges and Risks on Communication Systems

Mostafa Alghentawi
Karabuk University
indexed journal communication engineering

Published 31.12.2021


  • internet of things,
  • IoT’s architecture,
  • implications of IoT,
  • network protocols,
  • communication systems


Internet of Things (IoT) is a new-fangled prototype, which supplies a chain of new services/products for the upcoming technological innovations wave. IoTs' applications are roughly boundless in terms of enabling a smooth integration between the digital world and the physical world; where IoT can be implemented everywhere like smart (environment, city or businesses), security, smart business process, home automation, energy sector, education, healthcare and so on. Moreover, despite all the massive efforts of researchers, developers, experts to cover the full potential of IoT, there are still various problems and challenges need to deal with. In this survey paper, we will present a preface on some important aspects, applications and protocols with regards to the emerging area of IoT. This paper also will highlight the challenges of IoT might face, applications that have the possibility to achieve a fundamental change in human life, in addition to the risks of IoT and its impacts on our life in terms of privacy invasion and security issues. Moreover, SWOT Analysis will be conducted by identifying the Internal Factors of the IoT (Strength and Weaknesses) as well as the External Factors (Opportunities and Threats).


  1. P. Radanliev et al., "Future developments in cyber risk assessment for the internet of things", Computers in Industry, vol. 102, 2018. Available: 10.1016/j.compind.2018.08.002.
  2. N. Gershenfeld, When things start to think. New York, NY, USA: Henry Holt, 1999.
  3. A. Taivalsaari and T. Mikkonen, "A Taxonomy of IoT Client Architectures", IEEE Software, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 83-88, 2018. Available: 10.1109/ms.2018.2141019.
  4. A. Celesti et al., "Exploring Container Virtualization in IoT Clouds", Proc. 2016 IEEE Int'l Conf. Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP 16), 2016.
  5. D. Cassel, "JavaScript Popularity Surpasses Java PHP in the Stack Overflow Developer Survey", The New Stack, Mar. 2016, [online] Available: thenewstack.io/javascript-popularity-surpasses-java-php-stack-overflow-developer-survey.
  6. Pallavi Sethi and Smruti R. Sarangi, “Internet of Things: Architectures, Protocols, and Applications,” Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 2017, Article ID 9324035, 25 pages, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9324035.
  7. B. Skrabanek, "Difference Between Vision and Mission Statements: 25 Examples", ClearVoice, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.clearvoice.com/blog/difference-between-mission-vision-statement-examples/.
  8. C. ROWLAND, "Tesla, Inc.’s Mission Statement & Vision Statement (An Analysis) - Panmore Institute", Panmore Institute, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://panmore.com/tesla-motors-inc-vision-statement-mission-statement-analysis.
  9. L. GREGORY, "Microsoft’s Mission Statement & Vision Statement (An Analysis) - Panmore Institute", Panmore Institute, 2019. [Online]. Available: http://panmore.com/microsoft-corporation-vision-statement-mission-statement-analysis.
  10. V. MARTIN, "Samsung’s Mission Statement & Vision Statement (An Analysis) - Panmore Institute", Panmore Institute, 2019. [Online]. Available: http://panmore.com/samsung-corporate-vision-statement-corporate-mission-statement-analysis.
  11. R. Sharma, "Top 15 Sensor Types Being Used in IoT - Sensor Types & their IoT use", Finoit Technologies, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.finoit.com/blog/top-15-sensor-types-used-iot/.
  12. S. Oh and Y. Kim, "Development of IoT security component for interoperability", Cairo, Egypt, 2017.
  13. DataFlair Team, "How IoT Works - 4 Main Components of IoT System -DataFlair", DataFlair, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://data-flair.training/blogs/how-iot-works/.
  14. Gartner, "Gartner Identifies Top 10 Strategic IoT Technologies and Trends", Gartner, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.gartner.com/en/newsroom/press-releases/2018-11-07-gartner-identifies-top-10-strategic-iot-technologies-and-trends.
  15. L. Columbus, "10 Charts That Will Challenge Your Perspective Of IoT's Growth", Forbes.com, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2018/06/06/10-charts-that-will-challenge-your-perspective-of-iots-growth/#406f0a8c3ecc.
  16. L. Columbus, "The Best IoT Companies To Work For In 2018 Based On Glassdoor", Forbes.com, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2018/06/19/the-best-iot-companies-to-work-for-in-2018-based-on-glassdoor/#31313d9a3b63.
  17. D. Bandyopadhyay and J. Sen, "Internet of Things: Applications and Challenges in Technology and Standardization", Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 49-69, 2011. Available: 10.1007/s11277-011-0288-5.
  18. C. Sharma and N. Gondhi, "Communication Protocol Stack for Constrained IoT Systems", Bhimtal, India, 2018.
  19. J. A. Stankovic, "Research directions for the Internet of Things", IEEE Internet Things J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3-9, Feb. 2014.
  20. A.M. Vilamovska, E. Hattziandreu, R. Schindler, C. Van Oranje, H. De Vries, J.Krapelse, RFID Application in Healthcare–Scoping and Identifying Areas for RFID Deployment in Healthcare Delivery, RAND Europe, Feb 2009.
  21. R. Porkodi and V. Bhuvaneswari, "The Internet of Things (IoT) Applications and Communication Enabling Technology Standards: An Overview," 2014 International Conference on Intelligent Computing Applications, Coimbatore, 2014, pp. 324-329.
  22. C. Forsey, "7 Ways IoT Is Changing Retail in 2019", Blog.hubspot.com, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/iot-retail.
  23. Peerbits, "Internet of things in healthcare: applications, benefits, and challenges", 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.peerbits.com/blog/internet-of-things-healthcare-applications-benefits-and-challenges.html.
  24. W. Nyambi, "The IoT Revolution: challenges and opportunities", Geneva Business News | Actualités: Emploi, RH, économie, entreprises, Genève, Suisse., 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gbnews.ch/the-iot-revolution/.
  25. S.-R Oh, Y.-G Kim, "Security Requirements for Internet of Things", IEEE 2017 Platform Technology and Service (PlatCon), pp. 1-6, February 2017.
  26. I.T. Hwang, Y.-G. Kim, "Analysis of Security Standardization for the Internet of Things", IEEE 2017 Platform Technology and Service (PlatCon), pp. 1-6, February 2017.
  27. Jaeseok Yun, Ramnath Chekka Teja, Nan Chen, Nak-Myoung Sung, Jaeho Kim, "Interworking of oneM2M-based IoT Systems and Legacy Systems for Consumer Products", Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC), pp. 423-428, October 2016.
  28. M. Tawfik, A. Almadni and A. Alharbi, "A Review: the Risks And weakness Security on theIoT", IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering, vol. 2278-0661, no. 2278-8727, pp. PP 12-17, 2017.
  29. C. Qiang, G. Quan, B. Yu and L. Yang, "Research on Security Issues of the Internet of Things", International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1-10, 2013. Available: 10.14257/ijfgcn.2013.6.6.01.
  30. M.U. Farooq, Muhammad Waseem, Sadia Mazhar, A Review on Internet of Things (IoT), International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887) Volume 113 -No.1, March 2015.